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So anyway, I was having this argument with my father about Martin Luther King and how his message was too conservative compared to Malcolm X’s message. My father got really angry at me. It wasn’t that he disliked Malcolm X, but his point was that Malcolm X hadn’t accomplished anything as Dr. King had.

I was kind of sarcastic and asked something like, so what did Martin Luther King accomplish other than giving his “I have a dream speech.”

Before I tell you what my father told me, I want to digress. Because at this point in our amnesiac national existence, my question pretty much reflects the national civic religion view of what Dr. King accomplished. He gave this great speech. Or some people say, “he marched.” I was so angry at Mrs. Clinton during the primaries when she said that Dr. King marched, but it was LBJ who delivered the Civil Rights Act.

At this point, I would like to remind everyone exactly what Martin Luther King did, and it wasn’t that he “marched” or gave a great speech.

My father told me with a sort of cold fury, “Dr. King ended the terror of living in the south.”

Please let this sink in and and take my word and the word of my late father on this. If you are a white person who has always lived in the U.S. and never under a brutal dictatorship, you probably don’t know what my father was talking about.

But this is what the great Dr. Martin Luther King accomplished. Not that he marched, nor that he gave speeches.

He ended the terror of living as a black person, especially in the south.

I’m guessing that most of you, especially those having come fresh from seeing The Help, may not understand what this was all about. But living in the south (and in parts of the midwest and in many ghettos of the north) was living under terrorism.

It wasn’t that black people had to use a separate drinking fountain or couldn’t sit at lunch counters, or had to sit in the back of the bus.

You really must disabuse yourself of this idea. Lunch counters and buses were crucial symbolic planes of struggle that the civil rights movement used to dramatize the issue, but the main suffering in the south did not come from our inability to drink from the same fountain, ride in the front of the bus or eat lunch at Woolworth’s.

It was that white people, mostly white men, occasionally went berserk, and grabbed random black people, usually men, and lynched them. You all know about lynching. But you may forget or not know that white people also randomly beat black people, and the black people could not fight back, for fear of even worse punishment.

This constant low level dread of atavistic violence is what kept the system running. It made life miserable, stressful and terrifying for black people.

White people also occasionally tried black people, especially black men, for crimes for which they could not conceivably be guilty. With the willing participation of white women, they often accused black men of “assault,” which could be anything from rape to not taking off one’s hat, to “reckless eyeballing.”

This is going to sound awful and perhaps a stain on my late father’s memory, but when I was little, before the civil rights movement, my father taught me many, many humiliating practices in order to prevent the random, terroristic, berserk behavior of white people. The one I remember most is that when walking down the street in New York City side by side, hand in hand with my hero-father, if a white woman approached on the same sidewalk, I was to take off my hat and walk behind my father, because he had been taught in the south that black males for some reason were supposed to walk single file in the presence of any white lady.

This was just one of many humiliating practices we were taught to prevent white people from going berserk.

I remember a huge family reunion one August with my aunts and uncles and cousins gathered around my grandparents’ vast breakfast table laden with food from the farm, and the state troopers drove up to the house with a car full of rifles and shotguns, and everyone went kind of weirdly blank. They put on the masks that black people used back then to not provoke white berserkness. My strong, valiant, self-educated, articulate uncles, whom I adored, became shuffling, Step-N-Fetchits to avoid provoking the white men. Fortunately the troopers were only looking for an escaped convict. Afterward, the women, my aunts, were furious at the humiliating performance of the men, and said so, something that even a child could understand.

This is the climate of fear that Dr. King ended.

If you didn’t get taught such things, let alone experience them, I caution you against invoking the memory of Dr. King as though he belongs exclusively to you and not primarily to African Americans.

The question is, how did Dr. King do this—and of course, he didn’t do it alone.

(Of all the other civil rights leaders who helped Dr. King end this reign of terror, I think the most under appreciated is James Farmer, who founded the Congress of Racial Equality and was a leader of nonviolent resistance, and taught the practices of nonviolent resistance.)

So what did they do?

They told us: Whatever you are most afraid of doing vis-a-vis white people, go do it. Go ahead down to city hall and try to register to vote, even if they say no, even if they take your name down.

Go ahead sit at that lunch counter. Sue the local school board. All things that most black people would have said back then, without exaggeration, were stark raving insane and would get you killed.

If we do it all together, we’ll be okay.

They made black people experience the worst of the worst, collectively, that white people could dish out, and discover that it wasn’t that bad. They taught black people how to take a beating—from the southern cops, from police dogs, from fire department hoses. They actually coached young people how to crouch, cover their heads with their arms and take the beating. They taught people how to go to jail, which terrified most decent people.

And you know what? The worst of the worst, wasn’t that bad.

Once people had been beaten, had dogs sicced on them, had fire hoses sprayed on them, and been thrown in jail, you know what happened?

These magnificent young black people began singing freedom songs in jail.

That, my friends, is what ended the terrorism of the south. Confronting your worst fears, living through it, and breaking out in a deep throated freedom song. The jailers knew they had lost when they beat the crap out of these young Negroes and the jailed, beaten young people began to sing joyously, first in one town then in another. This is what the writer, James Baldwin, captured like no other writer of the era.

Please let this sink in. It wasn’t marches or speeches. It was taking a severe beating, surviving and realizing that our fears were mostly illusory and that we were free.

Daily Kos :: Most of you have no idea what Martin Luther King actually did 

Reblogging this so I can come back to it in the spring when I teach the Civil Rights Movement to my 5th graders. 

(via copperoranges)

Reblogging this for all the non-black people who like to quote MLK like he’s theirs.

(via heathenist)


One of the more popular horror symbols of 2013 was Annabelle, the creepy, disturbing, and flat out horrifying doll which played a small role in the Conjuring, a horror film based loosely on the Case Files of Ed and Lorraine Warren. 

What many people do not know, however, is that Annabelle has a history herself that is just as creepy as the story of Bathsheba and the families she haunts.  Though the actual doll is not quite as horrifying as the cinematic one, the story behind it is just as creepy. This Raggedy Anne doll was given to a young girl named Donna, who carried it with her into college, where she was living with a roommate, Angie. 

At first the doll seemed to only move slightly, changes in position, nothing too out of the ordinary. After a while, however, these changes could not be written off as normal. The two young women would come home to find it on a different piece of furniture, and sometimes even completely different room than where they left it. 

Though these were extremely horrifying events, the two women refused to acknowledge that anything paranormal could be the cause. That is, until one night when Donna came home and found Annabelle in her bed with blood-soaked hands and a seemingly evil smile, it was at this point she decided they would bring in a medium.

The medium told them that before this was an apartment, a small girl named Annabelle Higgins was found dead in the field their building was constructed on. Her spirit stayed there and when the two women moved in, she attached herself to the doll. Both of them wanting to do the right thing, they didn’t see the harm, so they allowed it to stay with them, inviting it into the house. This is when things got extremely dangerous for the two.

Lou, a man who was close with both of them, never liked Annabelle, and believed there was something darker about it than the girls believed. After they invited the spirit to live with them, he began having nightmares that the doll was killing him in different, horrific ways. One night, when they were all three sitting in a living room, they all heard a noise from Donna’s room. Lou went to make sure it wasn’t a break in.

Opening the door, he saw nothing in particular except that Annabelle had moved again. As he approached her, he felt the overwhelming notion that someone was behind him, and when he turned around, he felt sharp claws tearing through his skin. He lifted his shirt to reveal scars that only Annabelle could have left. Though they healed relatively fast, they knew something would have to be done. This is when they got ahold of Ed and Lorraine.

Since neither of them were qualified to perform an exorcism, they called a priest to do it, and the entire house was blessed. Ed and Lorraine took the doll with them to their house, where things continued. In addition to the extreme car trouble which Annabelle was surely responsible for, there are accounts of her levitating, switching rooms, and nearly killing a priest. This is the time they built a locked case which has kept the doll from moving around and causing harm. However, the demon seems to still reside within the doll. 

A relatively extensive documentary can be found here, and theres plenty of other websites with information on both Annabelle and other case files of the Lorraine. 

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